Broken Hill is a famous mining town of 19,000 people situated in the far west of NSW. One of the world's largest mining companies, BHP, commenced in Broken Hill. The town has been called the Silver City and also The Oasis of the West. The town is located 1,100 from Sydney. The town is still dominated by the mining industry and evidence of mining is everywhere. The Royal Flying Doctor Service and The School of the Air is located in Broken Hill. The town became a municipality on 3rd April 1890 and this landmark was celebrated by the laying of a stone by Sir Henry Parkes.